These days, the developments in the dairy industry are spearheading at a very quick pace. This is in light of the fact that a vast majority of the dairy farms are using the most recent technologies. These diverse advancements are intended to:
- Increase effectiveness in milk generation
- Improve cattle administration and management
- Increase productivity and profitability of the dairy farm
Robotic/Automatic milking systems (AMS), cow activity sensors, rumination sensors, programmed calf feeders, Blockchain, Artificial Intelligence (AI) machine learning, and various other precision technologies are becoming progressively noteworthy in the operations of dairy farms. These technologies result in a plain-sailing performance of the advanced milk processing equipments thereby increasing the measure of milk production in dairy farms.
PRECISION DAIRY IN ACTION
- Automated calf feeders provide nutrition to calves through a precise diet delivery mechanism many times a day thereby promoting a faster growth and healthier life. It can regulate the age of the calves. It empowers the dairy animals to eat whenever they want. It helps the farmers to receive up-to-the-minute reports about the growth and health of the calves.
- Milk yield recording systems furnish data of individual animals. It informs about the quantity of milk generated at each milking, daily trends in production of milk and its essential components like proteins. This information on early detection enables the farmers to identify variations in health and food intake routine of the animals. Thus, it helps the caretakers to distinguish issues that might not be apparent otherwise and take corrective action.
- Automated milking systems diminish the labour needed for milking cows. The cows intrinsically choose the time they desire to be milked. They roam around the shelter freely without any human intervention. A computer-aided equipment recognizes the bovine, cleanses the udder, delicately effects the milk collection, and finally releases the animal on the completion of milking.
- Rumination activity collars and sensors assist in the detection of behavioural and activity changes that cautions the early indications of any sickness or infection. Devices like pedometers effectively track specific bovine actions like the animal’s readiness in breeding or getting into labour thereby facilitating the farmer to provide opportune assistance.
- Blockchain technology showcases a dairy farm’s competence in milk production. The technology is an electronic ledger comprising of unique QR codes, which are attached to the dairy products’ label. These codes are capable of providing details regarding the cattle feed, any plausible administration of a treatment, rearing process, an incident of slaughter, time and location of milk production, processing techniques, added ingredients, market release date of the products etc. The codes can be scanned by the consumers using their smartphones, which can track the entire thread of milk production process leading to the final product. This technology aims at hitting and dislodging the counterfeit milk product manufacturers from the market.
- AI Machine learning uses a mix of various optical sensors and motion sensing devices to enable farmers in analysing the milk quality, its fat and protein levels, and reproductive condition of the cow. These devices can also transmit accurate information about the cow’s movement like walking, drinking, eating, lying down, or ruminating. Detection of health issues like mastitis or lameness can be done at least 24 hours prior to the conditions becoming critical. Mastitis is a severe form of bacterial infection that affects the cows often leading to fatality. These sensors can accurately identify the afflicted animals so that farmers can render the treatment in time and arrest the spread of the disease.
Our honourable Prime Minister Sh.Narendra Modi has been extremely vociferous, and deliberate in encouraging the young minds to promote and use technological headways like Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Blockchain in a major way. This is clearly evident from his speeches in many events.
At a recent convocation ceremony held at the Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, in Jammu, he said, “India’s youth can lead a revolutionary movement using AI and Blockchain technologies with a value addition”.
He is completely abreast with the inherent problems dairy farmers experience in dealing with poor quality of the milk, medicines, and treatments meted out to animals, giving rise to their depleted returns, and corresponding financial setbacks.
“With Blockchain technology, this problem can also be controlled. Through a real-time monitoring of the supply chain, the technology can bring in transparency in the agricultural trade — starting from the production process to making it available for the farmers as products can be examined at every stage.” PM Modi said.
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